Knee Pain in Spanish: Symptoms, Exam, and Diagnosis

Knee Pain in Spanish: Symptoms, Exam, and Diagnosis


This Medical Spanish lesson focuses on talking about Knee Pain in Spanish to your Spanish speaking patients, including topics such as the history of the knee pain, physical exam and diagnosis.

Here is the Knee Pain in Spanish lesson I taught to the Facebook group:

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Dolor y examen de la rodilla en español

Vocabulario… Anatomía

El cartílago articularThe articular cartilage
El fémurThe femur
El huesoThe bone
El ligamento anterior  The anterior ligament
El ligamento lateralThe lateral ligament
El ligamento posteriorThe posterior ligament
El meniscoThe meniscus
El peronéThe fibula
El tendón del cuádricepsThe quadriceps tendon
El tendón rotulianoThe patellar tendon
La banda iliotibial The iliotibial band
La piernaThe leg
La rodillaThe knee
La rótulaThe kneecap
La tibiaThe tibia
Los músculos cuádricepsThe quadriceps muscles

Vocabulario…Signos y Síntomas

BloquearseTo block
Cederle ¿Le cede la rodilla?Give in. Does the knee yield?
Crujir o truenarCrack or thunder
Doblarle ¿Se le dobla la rodilla? (buckle)Your knee is bent?
Dolor agudoAcute pain
Dolor cuando camina  Pain when walking
Dolor – estar adoloridoPain –
Dolor fuerteStrong pain
Dolor sordoDeaf pain
Hinchazón, edema, fluídoSwelling, edema, fluid
No pudo continuar, tuvo que parar su actividad He could not continue, he had to stop his activity
No puede poner pesoYou can’t put weight
Rango de movimiento Range of motion

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Más Vocabulario Útil…

La Historia:  The History
• ¿Alguna vez ha tenido este dolor/problema antes?  Have you ever had this pain / problem before?
• ¿Qué pasó?What happened?
• ¿Qué hacía cuando empezó?What did he do when he started?
• ¿Escuchó algún crujido o chasquido?  Did you hear any creaking or clicking?
• ¿Con qué frecuencia? / Cada cuánto?How often? / How much?
Timing: Tiempo: 
• Cambiar direcciónChange direction
• Cortarse a la derecha, a la izquierdaCut to the right, to the left
• Cuando corríaWhen I ran
• Dar vueltaTurn
• De repente (inmediatamente)Suddenly (immediately)
• El próximo díaNext day
• Parar rápidamenteStop quickly
• Saltar y aterrizar Jump and land
• Unos días después   Some days later

Aun Más Vocabulario…

Para diagnosticar: To diagnose
• Examen físicoPhysical Test
• Imágenes por resonancia magnética Magnetic resonance imaging
• RadiografíaBone scan
• Tomografía computadaComputed tomography
Unos análisis de sangre: Some blood tests
• ArtrocentesisArthrocentesis
• Recuento sanguíneo totalTotal blood count
• Velocidad de sedimentación globular Globular sedimentation rate

Frases para el examen físico

¿Le duele cuando palpo, toco aquí?Does it hurt when I touch or feel it here?
Acuéstese (boca arriba)Lie down (face up)
Relaje la pierna por favor  Relax the leg please
Dígame si algo le dueleTell me if something hurts

Unos imágenes posibles

Rayos equis / radiografíaX ray / radiography
TAC / Tomografía ComputadaCT scan / computed tomography
IRM / Imágenes por resonancia magnética  MRI / magnetic resonance imaging
Una frases: Some Phrases:
• Vamos a hacerle _______ para ver la rodilla mejorWe are going to do a _______ to see the knee better
• Quisiera pedir _______ para ver la rodilla mejor I would like to ask _______ to see the knee better

Diagnosis Posibles…

Artropatía inflamatoriaInflammatory arthropathy
Artritis reumatoide Rheumatoid arthritis
Artritis sépticoSeptic arthritis
Bursitis: Bursitis: 
• Inflamación de la bursa. Es un saco de fluido entre los huesos que ayuda el movimiento de la rodillaInflammation of the bursa. It is a sac of fluid between the bones that helps the movement of the knee
Herida o Lesión en el (ligamento, tendón, hueso)Wound or Injury in the(ligament, tendon, bone)
Problema con la banda iliotibialA problem with the iliotibial band
Tendón, ligamento….roto, estirado, desgarrado Tendon, ligament … broken, stretched, torn
Tendonitis: Tendonitis:
• Inflamación del tendón a causa de movimientos repetitivos por mucho tiempo (o por una herida aguda)Inflammation of the tendon due to repetitive movements for a long time (or acute injury)

Tratamientos Posibles…

Antibióticos: para curar la infecciónAntibiotics: to cure the infection
Antiinflamatorios: para bajar la inflamación Anti-inflammatories: to reduce inflammation
Cirugía: para reparar el ligamento, el tendón, etc.Surgery: to repair the ligament, tendon, etc.
Escayola / yeso: para inmovilizar la rodillaPlaster: to immobilize the knee
Reposo: para que la rodilla descanseRest: so that the knee rests
Rodillera: para estabilizar la rodilla Knee brace: to stabilize the knee
Terapia física: para fortalecer la rodilla, la piernaPhysical therapy: to strengthen the knee, the leg

Now it’s your turn! I packaged all of this vocabulary related to the knee pain in Spanish into some flashcards for you to study.

I packaged all of this into easily downloadable .pdf notes– Get your copy for free today!

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