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How To Talk About Abdominal Pain in Spanish

How To Talk About Abdominal Pain in Spanish

This Video Viernes lesson focuses on learning how to talk about abdominal pain in Spanish: dolor abdominal o dolor de estómago.

Some time ago, we talked about how to talk about pain in Spanish, so in this case we are going to be more specific and talk about abdominal pain and the different words you can use when talking with your Spanish speaking patients.

Here is the Abdominal Pain in Spanish lesson I taught to the Facebook group:

Anatomía básica / Basic Anatomy related to abdominal pain

First to all, we need to learn the names of those body parts in Spanish that could be involved with abdominal pain:

Spanish

English

El estómago The stomach
El abdomen   The abdomen
Los riñones The kidneys
El hígado The liver
El intestino delgado   The small intestine
El intestino grueso The large intestine
El apéndice The appendix
El páncreas The pancreas
La vesícula biliar The gallbladder
El bazo The spleen
El útero The uterus
El aparato urinario The urinary system
El revestimiento The lining

 

Signos y síntomas básicos / Basic Signs and Symptoms of Abdominal Pain in Spanish.

Here is some useful vocabulary about common types of pain in Spanish, along with symptoms to be able to determine the nature of the pain and make a proper diagnosis in Spanish.

Dolor / Pain

Spanish

English

Leve Light
Moderado   Moderate
Fuerte / Severo Strong
Repentino Sudden
Agudo Sharp
Sordo  Dull
Después de comer After eating
Con / Sin presión With / Without pressure
Con movimientos específicos With specific movements
Al orinar   With urination / Upon urinating

 

Note: The word “al” means “upon” in this context, so every time you hear “al” and then a verb, it means upon doing that verb.

Síntomas / Symptoms

Spanish

English

Náusea Nausea
Vómito (con sangre) Vomiting (with blood)
Diarrea (con sangre) Diarrhea (with blood)
Estreñimiento   Constipation
Fiebre Fever
Gas abdominal Abdominal gas
Eructos   Belching
Cambios en la regla / menstruación
Cólicos
Changes in the period
Cramping
Abotagamiento: hinchado, inflado
Ardor
Bloating: swollen, inflated
Burning sensation

 

Causas comunes / Common Causes of Abdominal Pain in Spanish.

Here is a brief description of the cause and their common symptoms

1. Gastroenteritis (Gripe de estómago) / Stomach Flu

Spanish

English

Causado por bacteria o virus y se resuelve en unos días   Caused by bacteria or virus and it is resolved in a few days
Náusea, vómito, fiebre, cólicos, gas, estar hinchado Nausea, vomiting, fever, cramping, gas, being bloated

 

2. Gas:

Spanish

English

Bacteria descompone comidas que el cuerpo no tolera – produce gas Bacteria breaks down foods that the body does not tolerate and produces gas
Dolor agudo, eructos, flatulencia (pedos)   Acute pain, belching, flatulence (farts)

 

3. Síndrome del colon irritable / Irritable Bowel Syndrome:

Spanish

English

El cuerpo no puede digerir ciertas comidas   The body can not digest certain foods
Dolor que se mejora al mover los intestinos, gas, náusea, cólicos, estar hinchado Pain that gets better after a bowel movement, gas, nausea, cramps, being bloated

 

4. Reflujo (acedía, ácidos) / Reflux:

Spanish

English

Ácidos estomacales suben del estómago hacia arriba en la garganta   Stomach acids go up from the stomach into the throat
Ardor y dolor, cólicos, estar hinchado Burning and pain, cramps, being bloated

 

5. Vómitos / Vomiting:

Spanish

English

Dolor, ardor en el esófago   Pain, burning in the esophagus

 

6. Gastritis:

Spanish

English

Inflamación e hinchazón del revestimiento del estómago   Inflammation and swelling of the lining of the stomach
Dolor, náusea, vómito, diarrea, estar hinchado Pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bloating

 

7. Intolerancia a comidas / Intolerance to certain foods:

Spanish

English

El cuerpo no puede digerir ciertas comidas y bacterias las descomponen The body can not digest certain foods and bacteria break them down
Gas, presión, dolor, náusea,   Gas, pressure, pain, nausea

 

8. Estreñimiento / Constipation:

Spanish

English

Cuando el colon se atasca o se bloquea y el excremento no puede pasar   When the colon is blocked and the feces can not pass
Dolor, no poder mover los intestinos Pain, not being able to move the bowels

Note: in Spanish, “estar constipado” also means to have a cold, so to avoid a misunderstanding, “tener estreñimiento” or “estar estreñido” are the best options in this case.

9. ERG (Enfermedad de reflujo gastroesofágico) / GERD:

Spanish

English

El esfínter entre el estómago y la garganta se afloja o abre y permite a los ácidos subir   The sphincter between the stomach and the throat gets loose or opens and allows the acids to rise
Dolor, acedía, náusea Pain, heartburn, nausea

 

10. Úlceras pépticas y estomacales / Peptic and Stomach Ulcers:

Spanish

English

Lesiones normalmente causadas por una bacteria (H. pylori) o por AINE (antiinflamatorios no esteroides) Lesions usually caused by bacteria (H. pylori) or NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
Dolor severo y persistente   Severe and persistent pain

 

11. Enfermedad de Chron:

Spanish

English

Inflamación del revestimiento de los intestinos   Inflammation of the intestinal linings
Dolor, gas, diarrea, náusea, vómito, estar hinchado, pérdida de peso, cansancio Pain, gas, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, being bloated, weight loss, tiredness

 

12. Enfermedad celíaca:

Spanish

English

Una alergia al gluten (proteína en granos)   A gluten allergy (protein in grains)
Dolor, gas, diarrea, estar hinchado Pain, gas, diarrhea, being bloated

 

13. Tirón o distensión muscular /  A muscle strain:

Spanish

English

Una herida común al músculo – se estira demasiado A wound injury to the muscle – it stretches too much
Dolor muscular   Muscular pain

 

14. Cólicos menstruales / Menstrual cramps:

Spanish

English

La regla inflama el abdomen   The period inflames the abdomen
Dolor, estar hinchada, cólicos, estreñimiento Pain, bloating, colic, constipation

 

15. Endometriosis:

Spanish

English

Inflamación del endometrio Inflammation of the endometrium
Inflamación crónica, dolor crónico   Chronic inflammation, chronic pain

 

16. Infección del aparato urinario (y/o de la vejiga):

Spanish

English

Infección causada por bacteria (normalmente E. coli)   Infection caused by bacteria (usually E. coli)
Dolor, presión, estar hinchado, dolor al orinar, orina oscura o turbia, olores fuertes Pain, pressure, swelling, painful urination, dark or cloudy urine, strong odors

 

Causas menos comunes / Less Common Causes

Don’t worry! We will talk more about these causes in the next Video Viernes lesson 🙂 For now, let’s just name some of them:

Spanish

English

Apendicitis Appendicitis
Infección de riñones Kidney infection
Enfermedad renal   Renal disease
Cálculos renales Kidney stones
Hepatitis Hepatitis
Cálculos biliares Gallstones
Intoxicación alimenticia Food poisoning
Parásitos Parasites
Cáncer de estómago, páncreas, intestinos Cancer of stomach, pancreas, intestines
Hernia Hernia
Quistes   Cysts
Torsión ovárica Twisted ovary

 

La historia y el examen físico /

We talked about how to take the medical history and useful phrases for the physical exam in Spanish in the past, but let’s do a quick review to these concepts and some useful questions you can ask to your Latino patients:

  • ¿Cuándo comenzó el dolor?: When did the pain start?
  • ¿Cuándo está peor? ¿Mejor?: When is it worst? When is it better?
  • ¿Hay algo que lo mejora o empeora?: Is there something that makes it better or makes it worst?
  • ¿Ha tenido este dolor antes?: Have ypu had this pain before?
  • ¿Le duele cuando palpo / toco aquí?: Does it hurt when I touch here?
  • Dígame si algo le duele: Tell me if something hurts
  • ¿El dolor se asocia con…: Is the pain related to…
    • lo que come?: what you eat?
    • sus reglas?: your periods?
    • movimientos específicos?: any specific movements?
  • Acuéstese boca arriba: Lie down on your back
  • Voy a escucharle el abdomen: I’m going to listen to your abdomen
  • Relaje el abdomen, por favor: Relax your abdomen, please

Remember you can find a full post about how to talk about pain in Spanish here 🙂

Exámenes y procedimientos / Tests & Procedures

Here you can find the most common tests and procedures to diagnose the abdominal pain in Spanish. Some of them contains links to other medical Spanish lessons with tons of vocabulary and useful information:

  • Examen físico: A Physical Exam
  • Pruebas / exámenes de sangre: Blood Tests
  • Endoscopia: un tubo con cámara para ver la garganta y el estómago
  • Ultrasonido: sonografía para ver los órganos, los vasos sanguíneos y otros tejidos
  • PCM: Panel Comprensivo Metabólico (Comprehensive Metabolic Panel or CMP)
  • Tomografía computada: A Computed Tomography (CT)
  • Escán HIDA para ver la función de la vesícula
  • Prueba de embarazo: Pregnancy Test

Signos y síntomas de advertencia

Es importante consultar con médico si tiene / It is important to visit your provider if you have:

Spanish

English

Pérdida de peso o cansancio sin explicación Weight loss or fatigue without explanation
Cambios en los movimientos intestinales que duran más de cinco días Changes in bowel movements that last more than five days
Sangrado del recto / ano o sangre en el excremento Bleeding from the rectum / anus or blood in the stool
Desecho vaginal anormal Abnormal vaginal discharge
Dolor crónico que medicamentos de venta libre no controlan Chronic pain that over-the-counter medications do not control
Dolor que regresa después de terminar medicamentos recetados Pain that comes back after finishing prescription medications
Signos y síntomas de infección del aparato urinario Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection

 

Signos y síntomas urgentes

Es importante ir al hospital si tiene / It is important to go to the hospital if you have:

Spanish

English

Dolor repentino y severo acompañado por una fiebre de 102 grados Sudden and severe pain accompanied by a fever of 102 degrees
Dolor severo en un lugar específico Severe pain in a specific place
Heces sangrientas, negras y pegajosas Bloody, black, and sticky stools
Vómitos incontrolables (específicamente con sangre) Uncontrollable vomiting (specifically with blood)
Demasiada sensibilidad abdominal Over sensitivity in the abdomen
No poder orinar Not being able to urinate
Desmayarse Fainting
Dolor que se empeora mucho y muy rápido o que se mejora al estar quieto Pain that worsen a lot and very fast or that improves by being still

 

Now is your turn! ¡Ahora te toca a ti!

Download the lesson notes and start creating your own sentences using the vocabulary your learn from the abdominal pain in Spanish lesson and share it on the comments below or in our Facebook group to receive feedback from other Medical Spanish learners 🙂

I packaged all of this into easily downloadable .pdf notes– Get your copy for free today!

Keep up the good work speaking responsible Spanish to your patients!

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Rory
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Rory is passionate about the Spanish language, an expert instructor, and specifically energized by the practical use of language in industry & community settings.
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