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High Frequency Spanish Verb Conjugations for Healthcare Workers in the USA

High Frequency Spanish Verb Conjugations for Healthcare Workers in the USA

How to Manage the Most Frequently Used Verb Conjugations in Spanish for Healthcare Workers.

Verbs are are the glue that hold a language together and create meaning. A pure vocabulary-based subject/noun/adjective communication style is caveman speak, and you’re way to smart for that!

So, in this post we’re breaking down the most common Spanish verb conjugations and verb tenses for everyday clinical settings. Of course there are more verb tenses in the Spanish language, but since your goal is not to be a Spanish linguist – you should probably focus on these first. Take a look below!


Present Tense Verbs:

Meaning: to describe everyday things that you are doing or do habitually.

Conjugations: stem of the verb + the conjugations below

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: -o Nosotros -amos Yo -o Nosotros -emos Yo -o Nosotros -imos
Tú: -as -es -es
Él, Ella, -a
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -an
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -e
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -en
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -e
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -en
Ustedes

Common Irregular verbs in the present tense:

Caerse = to fall down
Conocer = to know (people or places)
Dar = to give
Decir = to say / to tell
Estar = to be (feelings, location, state of being)
Hacer = to do
Ir = to go
Oir = to hear
Poner = to put / to place
Saber = to know (information, facts, how to do something)
Salir = to go out
Ser = to be (occupation, characteristics, origin/nationality, time)
Tener = to have
Traer = to bring
Venir = to come
Ver = to see

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Present Progressive Tense:

Meaning: this is when you want to say you “are doing” something in the moment. Ex. I am speaking Spanish = Yo estoy hablando español. 

Conjugations: This is verb tense requires two verbs: Estar + the action verb. Estar is the verb you conjugate – the action verb will be modified only slightly with an -ando or -iendo ending.

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: estoy -ando Nosotros estamos -ando Yo estoy -iendo Nosotros estamos -iendo Yo estoy -iendo Nosotros estamos -iendo
Tú: estás -ando estás -iendo Tú estás -iendo
Él
Ella está -ando
Usted
Ellos
Ellas están -ando
Ustedes
Él
Ella está -iendo
Usted
Ellos
Ellas están -iendo
Ustedes
Él
Ella está -iendo
Usted
Ellos
Ellas están -iendo
Ustedes

Common Irregular verbs in the Present Progressive Tense:

Caerse = to fall down
Creer = to believe
Destruir = to destroy
Incluir = to include
Ir = to go
Leer = to read
Oír = to hear
Traer = to bring

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Present Perfect Tense:

Meaning: to “have done” something

Conjugation: Helping verb “haber” + the stem of the verb (everything but the ending) plus the conjugations below

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: he + -ado Nos. hemos + -ado Yo he + -ido Nos. hemos + -ido Yo he + -ido Nos. hemos + -ido
Tú: has + -ado Tú has + -ido Tú has + -ido
Él 
Ella ha + -ado
Usted
Ellos 
Ellas han + -ado
Ustedes
Él 
Ella  ha + -ido
Usted
Ellos 
Ellas  han + -ido
Ustedes
Él
Ella  ha + -ido
Usted
Ellos
Ellas  han + -ido
Ustedes

Common Irregular Verbs in the Present Perfect Tense (same irregulars for Past Perfect Tense):

Abrir = to open
Cubrir = to cover
Decir = to say / to tell
Escribir = to write
Hacer = to do / to make
Morir = to die
Poner = to put / to place
Resolver = to resolve
Romper = to break
Volver = to return
Ver = to see

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!


Imperative (Command) Tense for Usted:

Meaning: this is the command tense that you need to use with your adolescent and adult patients, used for quick instructions: “Do this”, “Don’t do that”, etc

Conjugation:

  1. Go to the “yo” (of the present tense)
  2. Drop the “o”
  3. Add the opposite ending
    • AR > e
    • ER/IR > a
AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Usted Ustedes Usted Ustedes Usted Ustedes
Affirmative -e -en -a -an -a -an
Negative No + -e No + -en No + -a No + -an No + -a No + -an

Common Irregular Verbs in the Usted Command Form:

Dar = to give
Estar = to be (feelings, location, states of being)
Haber = to be / to have (helping verb for perfect tenses)
Ir = to go
Saber = to know
Ser = to be (occupation, characteristics, origin/nationality, time)

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Imperative (Command) Tense for Tú:

Meaning: this is the command tense that you need to use with your patients who are children (under 13 or 14 y/o), used for quick instructions: “Do this”, “Don’t do that”, etc

Conjugations: Tú commands are tricky because they use one form for the affirmative command, and a different form for the negative command.

Affirmative commands take the 3rd person singluar form of the present tense: ex. hablar > habla (él, ella, usted form of the verb). Negative commands take the tú form in the present subjunctive. Explained in different terms, it’s the usted command + “s”: ex. No Hablar > no hables

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Affirmative -a (habla) -e (come) -e (vive)
Negative No + -es (no hables) No + as (no comas) No + as (no vivas)

Common Irregular Verbs in the Tú Command Form:

Decir = to say / to tell
Hacer = to do / to make
Poner = to put / to place
Salir = to leave / to go out
Ser = to be (occupation, characteristics, origin/nationality, time)
Tener = to have
Venir = to come

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Preterite Past Tense Verbs:

Meaning: this is the simple past tense used to describe completed actions in the past.

Uses: SPICY & SAFE Acronyms for Preterite Past tense

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: Nosotros -amos Yo Nosotros -imos Yo Nosotros -imos
Tú: -aste -iste -iste
Él, Ella, 
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -aron
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -ió
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -ieron
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -ió
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -ieron
Ustedes

Irregular Preterite Past Tense Verbs in Spanish:

Andar = to walk
Dar = to give
Decir = to say / to tell
Estar = to be (feelings, location, state of being)
Hacer = to do / to make
Ir = to go
Poder = to be able to
Poner = to put / to place
Querer = to want / to desire
Saber = to know (means “found out” in this tense)
Ser = to be (occupation, characteristics, origin/nationality, time)
Tener = to have
Traer = to bring
Venir = to come

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Imperfect Past Tense Verbs:

Meaning: This is the past tense that often describes habitual actions in the past “used to” or an ongoing action in the past “was doing”.

Uses: See DUWIT Acronym here

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: -aba Nosotros -ábamos Yo -ía Nosotros -íamos Yo -ía Nosotros -íamos
Tú: -abas -ías -ías
Él, Ella, -aba
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -aban
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -ía
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -ían
Ustedes
Él, Ella, -ía
Usted
Ellos, Ellas, -ían
Ustedes

Irregular Imperfect Past Tense Verbs in Spanish:

Ir = to go
Ser = to be (occupation, characteristics, origin/nationality, time)
Ver = to see

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

 


Past Progressive Verbs:

Meaning: this is when you want to say you “were doing” something in the moment. Ex. I was speaking Spanish = Yo estaba hablando español. 

Conjugations: This is verb tense requires two verbs: Estar + the action verb. Estar is the verb you conjugate – the action verb will be modified only slightly with an -ando or -iendo ending.

AR Verbs ER Verbs IR Verbs
Yo: estaba -ando Nosotros
estábamos -ando
Yo estaba -iendo Nosotros 
estábamos -iendo
Yo estoy -iendo Nosotros
estábamos -iendo
Tú: estabas -ando Tú estabas -iendo Tú estabas -iendo
Él
Ella estaba -ando
Usted
Ellos
Ellas estaban -ando
Ustedes
Él
Ella estaba -iendo
Usted
Ellos
Ellas están -iendo
Ustedes
Él
Ella estaba -iendo
Usted
Ellos
Ellas estaban -iendo
Ustedes

Common Irregular verbs in the Past Progressive Tense:

Caerse = to fall down
Creer = to believe
Destruir = to destroy
Incluir = to include
Ir = to go
Leer = to read
Oír = to hear
Traer = to bring

Get your free irregular verb cheat sheet today!

Keep up the good work speaking responsible Spanish to your patients! Check out our other books, classes & products to help you learn medical Spanish!

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People Also Read: Spanish Reflexive Verbs – When and How to Use them

Rory
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Rory is passionate about the Spanish language, an expert instructor, and specifically energized by the practical use of language in industry & community settings.
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