Giving shots and starting IVs in Spanish

Giving shots and starting IVs in Spanish

Giving shots and starting IVs in Spanish

Most people don’t like shots and getting stuck with needles, right? So, when you need to give shots and start IVs it’s great to be able to explain what you’re doing a little bit to put your patients at ease.

In today’s lesson, I’m helping you build some vocabulary around shots and IVs and also talk through some of the basic steps in Spanish. Here is the video lesson on giving shots and starting IVs in Spanish:

Download the Lesson Notes to Follow Along

Giving shots & starting IVs in Spanish

Essential Spanish Vocabulary:

Verbs
ArderTo burn
DarleTo give you/him/her
Dolerle To hurt you/him/her
InyectarleTo inject you/him/her
Limpiar el áreaTo clean the area
MoverTo move
NecesitarTo need
PicarleTo sting you/him/her
PonerleTo put (give) you/him/her
PreferirTo prefer
Body Parts:
El brazoArm
El glúteoButtock
El hombroShoulder
La manoHand
La piernaLeg
La venaVein
Other relevant vocabulary:
El antibióticoAntibiotic
El hierroIron
El medicamentoMedication
El pellizcoPinch
El sueroIV, fluids
Es normalIt’s normal
La inyecciónThe injection
La toallita de alcoholAlcohol wipe
La vacunaVaccine
La vía intravenosaIV
La vitaminaVitamin
Los fluídosFluids
Un pocoA little

Explaining shots in Spanish: from start to finish

Necesito ponerle una inyección I need to give you a shot
Vamos a darle (____) por inyección
– Antibióticos
– Hierro 
– Medicamentos
– La vacuna contra…
– Vitaminas
We’re going to give you a ______ shot
– Antibiotics
– Iron
– Medication
– Vaccine
– Vitamin
¿En cuál brazo (hombro, pierna, glúteo) prefiere la inyección?¿In which arm (shoulder, leg, buttock) do you prefer the shot?
Primero voy a limpiar el área con una toallitaFirst I’m going to clean the area with a wipe
Va a sentir un pellizcoYou are going to feel a pinch
Le va a:
– doler un poquito
– picar un poco
It’s going to…
– hurt a little
– sting a little
Ya terminamos. Entre más mueve el brazo (el hombro, la pierna, etc) mejor. El movimiento le ayuda no tener tanto dolor después.All done. The more you move your arm (shoulder, leg, etc) the better. Movement helps you not have so much pain later.

Explaining side effects of shots:

Después de una inyección es normal experimentar:
– Dolor
– Inflamación
– Enrojecimiento donde recibió la inyección
After a shot, it’s normal to experience:
– Pain
– Inflammation
– Redness where you got the shot
Después de la vacuna es normal experimentar: 
– Una fiebre leve
– Escalofríos
– Cansancio
– Dolor de cabeza
– Dolor muscular
After a vaccination, it’s normal to experience:
– A low-grade fever
– Chills
– Tiredness
– Headache
– Muscle pain

Explaining IV Treatments:

Vamos a darle medicamento: 
– Por via intravenosa
– Por suero
We’re going to give you medication:
– by IV
– by IV
Voy a…I’m going to…
1. Ponerle este torniquete…haga puños así por favor.1. Put this tourniquette on… make fists like this please
2. Buscar una vena buena 2. Look for a good vein
3. Usar esta luz para ubicar una vena buena3. Use this light to look for a good vein
4. Limpiar el área con una toallita de alcohol4. Clean the area with an alcohol wipe
5. Introducir el catéter. Va a sentir un pellizco. Le va a:
– doler un poquito
– picar un poco
5. Put in the catheter. You’re going to feel a pinch. It’s going to:
– hurt a little
– sting a little
Muy bien, ahora vamos a usar esta cinta para pegar el catéter al brazo. Great, now we’re going to use this tape to stick the catheter to your arm.
Voy a colgar su medicina aquí. I’m going to hang your medication here.
La infusión tarda unos 15 minutos.The infusion takes about 15 minutes.
El medicamento puede arder un poco, es normalThe medication may burn a little, it’s normal.

Explaining Iron Infusions:

Si no tiene suficiente hierro en su cuerpo, el cuerpo no puede generar la hemoglobina. If you don’t have enough iron in your body, your body can’t produce hemoglobin.
La hemoglobina es importante para entregar oxígeno a las células del cuerpo. Hemoglobin is important for delivering oxygen to the body’s cells
Si no tiene suficiente hierro, usted puede padecer la anemia.If you don’t have enough iron, you could have anemia
Algunos factores que pueden causar la anemia son: Some factors that can cause anemia are:
– Sangrado excesivo (úlceras, periodos abundantes, etc)– excessive bleeding (ulcers, heavy periods, etc)
– Una dieta deficiente en hierro– a diet low in iron
– Medicaciones que inhiben la absorción de hierro– Medications that inhibit absorption of iron
La infusión:The infusion:
– Vamos a darle una infusión de hierro por vía intravenosa– We’re going to give you an infusion of iron by IV
– La infusión dura unos 30 minutos– The infusion lasts about 30 minutes
– Luego vamos a observarle unos 30 minutos más para asegurarnos que no tiene ninguna reacción adversa. – Then we’re going to observe you for about 30 minutes more to make sure that you don’t have any adverse reactions

What else do you need to explain or know how to talk about when it comes to giving shots or starting IVs on your Spanish speaking patients?

Post your questions and comments below and we’ll answer them for you!

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