Explaining the 5 2 1 0 Diet in Spanish

Explaining the 5 2 1 0 Diet in Spanish


The 5 2 1 0 diet in Spanish helps you easily talk through the number of fruits & vegetables, screen time, activity, and sugary drinks that are healthy to consume on a daily basis.


Here is the 5 2 1 0 Diet lesson I taught to the Facebook group:

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The recommendation is:

Recommendation Meaning
5: Porciones de frutas y verduras 5 Portions of Fruits and Vegetables
2: Menos de 2 horas con la pantalla por día Less than 2 hours of screen time a day
1: Una hora al día de juegos activos / actividad física One hour of active play
0: Bebidas azucaradas – beba más agua Sugary drinks – Drink more water!


5 Porciones de frutas y verduras

Recommendation Meaning
Las vitaminas y minerales ayudan a los niños a:
– Crecer fuertes 
– Fortalecer el sistema inmune 
– Mantener un peso saludable 
Vitamins and minerals help children to:
– Grow strong
– Strengthen their immune system
– Maintain a healthy weight
100% jugo no es un sustituto  para las frutas y verduras frescas 100% juice is not a substitute for fresh fruits and vegetables
Verduras y frutas enlatadas:
– Altas en azúcar 
– Altas en sodio 
Canned Fruits and Vegetables:
– High in Sugar
– High in Sodium
Fresca vs. Cruda:
– Fresca : No enlatadas ni congeladas 
– Cruda : No cocinada 
Fresh Vs. Raw:
– Fresh: Not canned nor frozen
– Raw: Not cooked
Ensalada vs. Ensalada verde:
– Ensalada : Cualquier tipo de ensalada
– Ensalada verde : Con verduras crudas
Salad vs. Green Salad:
– Salad: Any type of salad
– Green Salad: Fresh vegetable salad.
– Agregar 
– Rallar : Ralladas 
– Picar : Picadas 
– Merienda 
– Add
– Shred: Shredded
– Chop: Chopped
– Snack

Note: Be careful with the verbs “rayar” y “rallar” because their meanings are totally different:

  • Rayar: To underline / To draw lines or stripes
  • Rallar: To grind something by rubbing it against the shredder.


Menos de 2 horas con la pantalla por día

Recommendation Meaning
“Pantalla” incluye:
– Televisión
– Computadora
– Videojuegos 
– Otros aparatos móviles 
“Screen” includes:
– Television
– Computer
– Video Games
– Any other kind of mobile devices
Más de 2 horas contribuye al sobrepeso:
– Contribuir 
More than 2 hours contribute to overweight:
– To contribute
Ver tele aumenta la cantidad (de alimentos) que come:
– Aumentar 
Watching TV increases the amount (of food) you eat:
– To increase

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1 hora al día de juegos activos

Recommendation Meaning
Jugar deportes:
– Jugar la anda / la roña / la lleva 
– Saltar la cuerda 
– Jugar en el parque 
– Jugar afuera 
– Jugar adentro 
To play sports:
– To play Tag
– To jump the rope
– To play in the park
– To play outside
– To play inside
Fortalece los huesos y músculos:
– Huesos 
– Músculos 
Strengthens bones and muscles:
– Bones
– Muscles
Ayuda a controlar el peso Helps control weight
Baja el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes:
– Riesgo de 
– Desarrollar 
Lowers the risk of developing diabetes:
– Risk of
– To develop
Baja el estrés:
– Pone una sonrisa 
Lower Stress:
– Makes you smile


0 Bebidas azucaradas – beba más agua

Recommendation Meaning
“Bebidas azucaradas” incluye:
– Refrescos y sodas
– Aguas
– Naturales
– Jugos
– Tés
– Otras bebidas embotelladas / envasadas 
“Sugared drinks” includes:
– Sodas, pops, etc.
– Aguas and naturales could be a fresh fruit juice but
full of sugar.
– Juices
– Teas
– Other bottled / packed drinks


Study 5 2 1 0 Diet vocabulary in Spanish with these flashcards

Karen’s Perpective

Debido a que el español es un idioma flexible y varía de región en región, es importante conocer algunos sinónimos para que puedas comunicarte efectivamente con tus pacientes hispanos:

  • Soft drink (soda pop): gaseosa , refresco, fresco, soda, cola o mencionando directamente la marca.
  • Aguas o naturales: jugos naturales, zumos naturales , bebidas naturales.
  • Tag (the game): La ere, la lleva, el pillapilla , jugar a pillar, jugar a corretearse .
  • Jugar deportes: hacer deportes, practicar deportes.

I put together a vocabulary list and set of notes that includes this information in an easily downloadable .pdf – Get your copy for free today!

Download Diet in Spanish Notes TODAY

Keep up the good work speaking responsible Spanish to your patients! Check out our other books, classes & products to help you learn medical Spanish!

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Related Lesson: Diet and Exercise in Spanish – Terminology Flashcards

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