Irregular Preterite Tense Medical Spanish Verbs

Irregular Preterite Tense Medical Spanish Verbs

One of the hardest aspects of the Preterite past tense in Spanish is conjugating the irregular verbs. They’re irregular by nature, which means they don’t necessarily follow any helpful patterns of conjugation.

In last week’s lesson, we looked at Regular Preterite tense conjugations and the uses of the Preterite tense in Spanish following the SPICY acronym. This week’s lesson is focused solely on irregular conjugations.

Here is the lesson I taught for Video Viernes this week on irregular Preterite tense verbs in medical Spanish:

Here are a handful of irregular verbs in the Preterite tense that you may find useful in clinical conversations:

  • Andar – to walk
  • Creer – to believe
  • Dar – to give
  • Decir – to say/tell
  • Estar – to be
  • Hacer – to do/make
  • Ir – to go
  • Leer – to read
  • Oír – to hear
  • Poder – to be able to (& act)
  • Poner – to put/place
  • Querer – to want (& act on it)
  • Saber – to find out (the action)
  • Ser – to be
  • Tener – to have (“receive”)
  • Traer – to bring
  • Venir – to come

Some irregular preterite past tense verbs have a modified stem with some patterned endings. You simply add these endings to the new stem of the verb:

yo … e

tú … aste

él/ella/usted … o

nosotros … imos

ellos/ellas/ustedes … ieron

There are 9 verbs that take on a new stem with the above patterned endings:

Irregular-Preterite-Verbs-with-a-new-stem

Other Irregular Preterite verbs that don’t fit the pattern above are listed below:

Dar = to give:

  • Di
  • Diste
  • Dio
  • Dimos
  • Dieron

Ser = to be:

  • Fui
  • Fuiste
  • Fue
  • Fuimos
  • Fueron

Decir = to say/tell:

  • Dije
  • Dijiste
  • Dijo
  • Dijimos
  • Dijeron

Ir = to go:

  • Fui
  • Fuiste
  • Fue
  • Fuimos
  • Fueron

Traer = to bring:

  • Traje
  • Trajiste
  • Trajo
  • Trajimos
  • Trajeron

These 4 irregular Preterite tense verbs are only irregular in the 3rd person singular (él/ella/usted) and plural forms (ellos/ellas/ustedes)

Creer = to believe

  • Creí
  • Creíste
  • Creyó
  • Creímos
  • Creyeron

Leer = to read

  • Leí
  • Leíste
  • Leyó
  • Leímos
  • Leyeron

Oír = to hear

  • Oíste
  • Oyó
  • Oímos
  • Oyeron

Caer = to fall

  • Caí
  • Caíste
  • Cayó
  • Caímos
  • Cayeron

Here are the lyrics to the goofy song that our special guest sang:

Fui (ser), Fui (ir), Dije (decir), Vine (venir)

Tuve (tener), Hice (hacer), Puse (poner)

Estuve (estar) , Quise (querer), Pude (poder), Supe (saber) 

Traje (traer), Anduve (andar), Di (dar)

Learn the irregular Preterite tense verbs with this Quizlet activity:

Want to learn more about Medical Spanish Preterite Past Tense Verbs?

Medical Spanish Past Tense Verbs
Rory Foster
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Rory is passionate about the Spanish language, an expert instructor, and specifically energized by the practical use of language in industry & community settings.
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