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Spanish for Educators – Irregular Verbs in The Present Tense in Spanish

Spanish for Educators – Irregular Verbs in The Present Tense in Spanish

This Spanish for Educators lesson focuses on mastering the irregular verbs in the present tense in Spanish: Los verbos irregulares en el presente en español.

In Spanish, verbs have three different endings: AR, ER, and IR (infinitive form) and these endings can vary depending on the person (I, she, they, etc.) you are using.

Su reto profesional: Empiece a utilizar los verbos irregulares en español en el aula de clase con la conjugación correcta.

Here is Spanish lesson all about Irregular Verbs in The Present Tense in Spanish I taught to the Facebook group:

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Patrón de los verbos regulares/ Regular Verbs Patron

In Spanish, verbs follow this pattern depending on the ending of the verb. Be sure you choose the right one when talking or writing:

Person AR ER IR
Yo O O O
AS ES ES
Él, Ella, Usted A E E
Nosotros AMOS EMOS IMOS
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes AN EN  EN

Some examples

Verbos terminados en -AR

  • Prestar atención: To pay attention (be careful with this expression because the meaning of “prestar” is To Borrow whereas “pagar” is To Pay, so in Spanish you borrow attention but don’t pay for it 😉 ).
  • Necesitar (To need): Yo necesito ir al banco (I need to go to the bank).
  • Pensar (To think): Él piensa mucho en el futuro (He thinks a lot about the future).
  • Terminar (To finish / end up): Tú siempre terminas de comer antes que yo (You always finish eating before I do)
  • Dar (To give): Ellos dan regalos a los niños en navidad (They give gifts to children at Christmas)
  • Esperar (To wait / hope):
    • Ella espera que su carta llegue pronto (She hopes her letter arrives soon)
    • ¿Usted espera a alguien? (Are you waiting for someone?)

Verbos terminados en -ER

  • Deber (To ought to): Usted debe cumplir las reglas (You must comply with the rules)
  • Hacer (To do / make): Yo hago las tareas por las tardes (I do homework in the afternoon)
  • Ver (To see / watch): Ellos ven televisión luego de cenar (They watch television after dinner)
  • Poder (To be able to): Nosotros podemos reunirnos el fin de semana (We can meet over the weekend)
  • Tener (To have): Él tiene mi libro (He has my book)
  • Poner (To put): Ustedes ponen las manos en la mesa (You put your hands on the table)

Verbos terminados en -IR

  • Escribir (To write): Ellas escriben un ensayo (They write an essay)
  • Compartir (To share): Nosotros compartimos los juguetes (We share the toys)
  • Venir (To come): Yo vengo a ejercitarme a este parque siempre (I always come to this park to exercise)
  • Salir (To go out / leave): Usted sale más temprano los lunes (You leave earlier on Mondays)
  • Decir (To say / to tell): Tú dices mentiras algunas veces (You tell lies sometimes)

Los verbos que no siguen patrón / Verbs that don’t follow the patron

Irregular Verbs o verbos irregulares:

  • Completamente irregulares: you need to memorize the completely irregular verbs
  • Irregular en forma de -Yo: it only changes in the first person and it follows 3 rules.
  • Verbos que cambian raíz: or stem-changing verbs. Check the lesson here! 🙂

¿Qué dicen ustedes? / What do you say?

What common questions do you use in the classroom? Here you can find some examples you can use:

¿Quién sabe las instrucciones de esta actividad? ¡Yo ! (irregular in the -Yo form) Who knows the directions from this activity? I know!
¿Cuáles conexiones pueden hacer a sus vidas? (verb + infinitive) (stem-changing verbs) Which connections can you make to your life?
Doblen y hablen con su compañero/a (command form) Turn and talk with your neighbor, parter, classmate…
Voy al baño…  I’m going to the bathroom

Download the Irregular Verbs in Spanish Notes TODAY

Only Irregular en Yo

You need to memorize these verb forms to make it work!

Caer = Yo caigo  Fall = I fall
Conocer = Yo conozco  Know = I know
Dar = Yo doy  Give = I give
Dirigir = Yo dirijo  Direct = I direct
Escoger = Yo escojo  Choose = I choose
Estar = Yo estoy   Be = I am
Hacer = Yo hago  Do = I do
Poner = Yo pongo  Put = I put
Saber = Yo  Know = I know
Salir = Yo salgo   Exit = I leave
Traer = Yo traigo  Bring = I bring

3 reglas – Irregular 1st person

  1. Si el verbo termina en –CER & -CIR: c changes to zc
    • Conocer –> Yo conozco (Know -> I know)
    • Traducir –> Yo traduzco (Translate -> I translate)
  2. Si el verbo termina en -GER & -GIR: g changes to j
    • Escoger –> Yo escojo (Choose -> I choose)
    •  Emerger –> Yo Emerjo (Emerge -> I Emerge)
  3. Si el verbo termina en -GUIR: gu changes to g
    • Seguir –> Yo sigo (Follow -> I follow)
    • Distinguir –> Yo distingo ( Distinguish -> I distinguish)

YO – GO

Caigo.  I fall.
Digo.  I say.
Hago.   I make.
Oigo.  I hear.
Pongo.  I put.
Salgo.  I go out.
Tengo.  I have.
Traigo.  I bring.
Vengo.   I come.

Completely Irregular Verbs / Verbos completamente irregulares

There are only 3 completely irregular verbs. ¡Sólo tres!

  1. Ir: Voy, vas, va, vamos, van.
  2. Oir: Oigo, oyes, oye, oímos, oyen.
  3. Ser: Soy, eres, es, somos, son.

Verbos hermanos / Sibling Verbs

These are verbs that are similar in their conjugation (not in their meaning!).

Tener y Venir  Have and Come
Yo tengo.

Yo vengo.

 I have.

I come.

Tú tienes. 

Tú vienes. 

You have.

You come.

Él, ella, usted tiene.

Él, ella, usted viene.

 He, she, you have.

He, she, you come.

Nosotros tenemos.

Nosotros vinimos.

 We have.

We came.

Ellos, ellas, ustedes tienen.

Ellos, ellas, ustedes vienen.

 They, they, have.

They, they, you come.

Cosas que ustedes dicen en sus aulas / Things You Say in Your Classroom

Es hora de… (mate, ciencias… etc)  It’s time to … (math, science … etc)
Necesito que agarren sus  I need you to take your …
¿Qué notan aquí?  What do you notice here?
Presten atención   Pay attention
Cuando terminan, necesitan…  When they finish, you need …
¿Cuál es el primer paso?  What is the first step?
¿Cómo te sientes?  How do you feel?
¿Quién es el próximo?  Who’s next?
¿Dónde ponen los papeles?   Where do they put papers?
¿Qué hacen ahora?  What are you doing now?

Es muy importante que memoricen y practiquen estos verbos para que puedan usarlos correctamente. No se trata de perfección, se trata de comunicación 😀

Now it’s your turn! / ¡Ahora es tu turno!

Study all of this classroom vocabulary in Spanish with these flashcards!

I packaged all of this into easily downloadable .pdf notes– Get your copy for free today!

Download the Irregular Verbs in Spanish Notes TODAY

¡Arriésguense, abran la boca y cometan errores!

Leslie Foster
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