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Smoking, Vaping & Tobacco Cessation in Spanish

Smoking, Vaping & Tobacco Cessation in Spanish

In this free Medical Spanish lesson, you will learn how to talk about smoking, vaping, and tobacco cessation in Spanish: Fumar, vapear y dejar de usar tabaco.

In this lesson you will learn:

  • Tobacco-related vocabulary
  • Tobacco risks for unborn babies
  • Tobacco risks for babies and children
  • Risk factors to start using tobacco
  • Stop smoking / using tobacco
  • Nicotine Replacement Therapies
  • Other medications that do not use nicotine
  • What are vaping and electronic cigarettes?
  • Vaping risks in adolescents/young people
  • The vaping attraction

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If you have teens at home or work with teens, this is a topic that may interest you since vaping has become a really big deal in schools nowadays.

Vocabulario de tabaco

Fumar / To Smoke

  • Cigarrillos – Cigarettes
  • Cigarros – Cigars
  • Cajetilla – Pack

Vapear / To Vape

  • Cigarrillos electrónicos – E-cigarettes
  • Bolígrafo / aparato – Vape pens / Vaping devices
  • Depósito – Pod
  • Líquido / “jugo” – Liquid / Juice

Mascar / To chew

  • Tabaco de/para mascar – Tobacco for chewing

Otro Vocabulario / Another Vocabulary

  • Humo – Smoke (the result of smoking)
  • Humo de segunda mano – Secondhand smoke
  • Humo ajeno – Other people’s smoke
  • Nicotina – Nicotine
  • Cancerígeno / Carcinógeno – Carcinogen
  • Químicos – Chemicals
  • Nocivo(s) – Harmful
  • Antojos – Cravings

Riesgos del tabaco – Tobacco Risks

Credits: Photo by Mathew MacQuarrie

Riesgos de tabaco para bebés en útero – Risks of tobacco for babies in utero

Si una mamá usa tabaco o está expuesta al humo de tabaco ajeno puede causar:

If a mother uses tobacco or is exposed to secondhand smoke, it can cause:

SpanishEnglish
Peso insuficiente (peso bajo) al nacerLow birth weight
Restricción del crecimiento del bebé en úteroRestricted growth of the baby in the womb
Desprendimiento de la placentaPlacental abruption
Parto prematuroPremature birth
Síndrome de muerte súbita del infante/lactanteSudden Infant Death Syndrome
Daño neurocognitivoNeurocognitive harm

Note: despite the fact that it’s a long word, “desprendimiento” and the verb “desprender” is commonly used for Spanish speakers. It is good to use this word to talk about abruption.

Riesgos de tabaco para bebés y niños – Tobacco Risks for Babies and Children

El humo de tabaco ajeno (de segunda mano) en la casa también afecta a los bebés y niños. Puede causar:

Second-hand smoke (second-hand) at home also affects babies and children. It can cause:

SpanishEnglish
Mayor riesgo de infecciones respiratoriasGreater risk of respiratory infections
Enfermedades de las vías respiratorias (asma)Diseases of the airways (asthma)
Disminución permanente de la función pulmonarPermanent decrease in lung function
Mayor probabilidad que su hijo(a) use tabaco en el futuroGreater probability of your child using tobacco in the future

Factores de riesgo para iniciar el uso de tabaco – Risk Factors to Start Tobacco Use

Las investigaciones dicen que es mas probable que su hijo(a) inicie usar tabaco si:

Studies say it is more probably your kids are going to start using tobacco if:

SpanishEnglish
Sus padres, hermanos o amigos lo usan porque:Their parents, siblings or friends use it because:
Pueden conseguir cigarrillos, etc fácilmente They can get cigarettes, etc. easily
Se ha establecido el modelo de conducta The behavior model has been established
El uso de tabaco se ve normal The use of tobacco use seems normal
Ven muchas películas y programas de tele en que fumar es normalThey watch many movies and TV shows where smoking is normal
Padecen enfermedades mentales como: depresión, ansiedad y trastornos psiquiátricosThey suffer from mental illnesses such as: depression, anxiety, and psychiatric disorders

Note: “Trastorno” is the proper word for any kind of disorder in the mental health context.

Dejar de fumar / usar tabaco – Stop Smoking / Using Tobacco

“Dejar de” is the proper verb for stop doing any vice (dejar de fumar, dejar de beber, etc.)

  • ¿Le gustaría hablar más sobre cómo puede dejar de fumar? – Would you like to talk more about how you can stop smoking?
  • ¿Le gustaría alguna ayuda con dejar de fumar? – Would you like some help with quitting smoking?
  • ¿Cómo le puedo ayudar a dejar de usar tabaco? – How can I help you stop using tobacco?

Terapias de reemplazo de nicotina – Nicotine Replacement Therapies

Hay varias opciones para dejar de fumar / usar tabaco poco a poco – There is a lot of options for quitting smoking little by little
No hay que dejar de fumar “de golpe”. Puede dejar la nicotina poco a poco – Do not stop smoking “cold turkey”. You can leave nicotine little by little
Algunos métodos requieren receta médica, otros no. Unas opciones son:
Some methods require a prescription, others do not. Some options are:

De venta libre – Over the counter:

Any kind of medicine or therapy that do not need a prescription, is “de venta libre”

  • Parches de nicotina (8 semanas de tratamiento) – Nicotine patches (8-week treatment)
  • Chicle de nicotina (8-12 semanas de tratamiento) – Nicotine gum
  • Pastillas de nicotina (12 semanas de tratamiento) – Nicotine lozenge

Con receta médica – With Prescription:

  • Spray / aerosol nasal (3-6 meses de tratamiento) – Nasal spray
  • Inhalador de nicotina (3-6 meses de tratamiento) – Nicotine inhaler

Otras medicaciones que no usan nicotina – Other Medications that Do Not Use Nicotine

Los medicamentos que no reemplazan la nicotina en su cuerpo trabajan para reducir los antojos que tiene para usar tabaco:

Medications that do not replace nicotine in your body work to reduce cravings for tobacco use:

  • Tabletas Zyban: Tratamiento dura 7-1 semanas
  • Tabletas Chantix: Tratamiento dura 12 semanas

Note: Anytime you are talking about “lasts” or “takes” as far as time, the Spanish word is “dura”: “El tratamiento dura 5 semanas” means “treatment lasts 5 weeks”.

¿Qué es vapear y cigarrillos electrónicos? – What is Vaping and E-Cigarettes?

Credits: Photo by VapeClubMY

Vapear y usar cigarrillos electrónicos es una tendencia creciente en los adolescentes.
Vaping and using e-cigarettes is a growing trend in teenagers.

Inicialmente los cigarrillos electrónicos servían para ayudar a adultos a dejar de fumar cigarrillos tradicionales.
Initially, e-cigarettes were to help adults stop smoking traditional cigarettes.

Ahora vemos una tendencia para adolescentes iniciar el uso de nicotina con cigarrillos electrónicos.
Now we see a tendency for teens to start using nicotine with e-cigarettes.

Los riesgos de vapear en adolescentes/jóvenes – The Risks of Vaping in Adolescents / Youth

Vapear es peligroso porque – Vaping is dangerous because:

SpanishEnglish
Los niveles de nicotina son muy altos. (ej. un depósito de líquido “jugo” contiene la misma nicotina que una cajetilla de cigarrillos)Nicotine levels are very high. (a pod of liquid “juice” contains the same amount of nicotine as a pack of cigarettes)
Los jóvenes son más susceptibles a adicciones porque sus cerebros todavía se están desarrollandoYoung people are more susceptible to addictions because their brains are still developing
Afecta la habilidad de concentrarseIt affects the ability to concentrate
Los “jugos” contienen químicos cancerígenosThe “juices” contain carcinogenic chemicals
Causa enfermedad pulmonarIt causes lung disease
Cada vez es más común mezclar THC (marihuana) en los líquidos tambiénIt is increasingly common to mix THC (marijuana) in liquids too

La atracción de vapear – The Attraction of Vaping

Algunos están diciendo que vapear es menos nocivo que fumar cigarrillos, pero…
Some are saying that vaping is less harmful than smoking cigarettes, but …

  • Unos estudios nuevos demuestran que vapear es una “droga de iniciación” / “una entrada” para fumar cigarrillos y posiblemente usar marihuana.
  • New studies show that vaping is a getaway for smoking cigarettes and possibly using marijuana.

Todo el sistema de vapear es más atractivo (más aceptable socialmente) que cigarrillos porque:
The whole system of vaping is more attractive (more socially acceptable) than cigarettes because:

  • Los aromas no son feos / son frutales – Vaping smoke is fruity
  • Los sabores son dulces – The flavors are sweet
  • Los aparatos parecen como tech actual – The devices themselves look like up-to-date tech

Su tarea – Your Homework 🙂

  1. Review the notes & vocabulary
  2. Identify additional points and topics to discuss with patients
  3. Remember to keep it simple
  4. Ask for help in the comments below
  5. Give it a try with your patients!

¡Gracias POR compartir en su aventura de español conmigo!

Now it’s your turn! I packaged all of this vocabulary in Spanish into some flashcards for you to study.

I packaged all of this into easily downloadable .pdf notes–Get your copy for free today!

Download the Smoking, Vaping & Tobacco Cessation in Spanish Notes TODAY

Free Medical Spanish Terminology Test

If you want to do a free Medical Spanish terminology test head over to certified Spanish, we are currently building a certification platform where you can practice this test for free. You just have to create a free user account here and start practicing your Español Médico 🙂

Keep up the good work speaking responsible Spanish to your patients! Check out our other books, classes & products to help you learn medical Spanish!

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Rory
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Rory is passionate about the Spanish language, an expert instructor, and specifically energized by the practical use of language in industry & community settings.
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