Discussing Enlarged Prostate in Spanish

Discussing Enlarged Prostate in Spanish

BPH - Enlarged Prostate in Spanish

If you work with men past the age of 50 years old, you have probably had the occasion to discuss enlarged prostate, or BPH – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Wondering how would you discuss Enlarged Prostate in Spanish?

In today’s lesson, I help you…

  1. Describe BPH / Enlarged Prostate in Spanish
  2. Discuss common symptoms of enlarged prostate in Spanish
  3. Formulate Spanish medical history questions
  4. Talk through the steps to diagnose enlarged prostate in Spanish
  5. Describe common BPH treatment options in Spanish.

Get started here with the Enlarged Prostate in Spanish Video Viernes Lesson…

Download the lesson notes to follow along:

Enlarged Prostate vocabulary in Spanish:

benigno(a)benign
cáncercancer
canceroso(a)cancerous
comenzar a orinarbegin to urinate
despertarse en la nochewake up at night
dificultad para orinardifficulty urinating
el agrandamiento de la próstataenlargement
el análisis de orinaurine test
el examen rectal digitaldigital rectal exam
el flujo de orinaurine flow
el tamañosize
el ultrasonidoultrasound
envejecerto age
flujo de orina débilweak urinary flow
flujo débilweak flow
goteo después de orinardribbling after urination
la biopsiabiopsy
la cirugíasurgery
la edadage
la fiebrefever
la glándulagland
la hiperplasiahyperplasia
la próstataprostate
la uretraurethra
la vejigabladder
las bebidas con cafeínacaffeinated beverages
las vías urinariasurinary tract
los escalofríoschills
los riñoneskidneys
maligno(a)malignant
no vaciar completamentenot emptying completely
orinar con urgenciaurgency to urinate
orinar frecuentementeurinate frequently
sangre en la orinablood in the urine
una prueba PSAPSA test

Common Symptoms of BPH in Spanish

Tener que orinar con frecuenciaHaving to urinate frequently
Tener urgencia para orinarHaving urgency to urinate
Despertarse en la noche para orinarWaking up at night to urinate
Tener problemas con el flujo de orina:Having problems with urinary flow:
– Problemas para empezar a orinar– Problems starting to urinate
– Flujo débil o lento– Weak or slow flow
– Orina que se detiene y vuelve a comenzar– Urination that stops and starts again
– Goteo después de orinar– Dribbling after urination
– No poder vaciar la vejiga completamente– Not being able to completely empty your bladder

Dangerous symptoms of BPH in Spanish

Necesita atención médica urgente si…You need urgent medical attention if…
– No puede orinar para nada– You can’t urinate at all
– Tiene fiebre y escalofríos mientras tiene dolor al orinar– You have fever and chills while you have painful urination
– Tiene sangre en la orina– You have blood in your urine
– Tiene dolor en la parte inferior del abdomen y en el tracto urinario– You have pain in the lower abdomen and in the urinary tract

Algunas preguntas para su paciente:

¿Qué medicamentos toma?What medications do you take?
¿Ha notado alguna dificultad para orinar o vaciar la vejiga completamente?Have you noticed any difficulty urinating or emptying your bladder completely?
¿Siente la necesidad para orinar con frecuencia – o siente una urgencia para orinar? Do you feel the need to urinate frequently or do you feel an urgency to urinate?
¿Se despierta en la noche para orinar?
– ¿Cuántas veces se despierta en la noche?
Do you wake up at night to urinate?
– How many times do you wake up at night?
¿Cuántas bebidas con cafeína toma en un día?
– café, gaseosas, bebidas energéticas, té, etc
How many caffeinated beverages do you drink a day?
– coffee, sodas, energy drinks, te, etc
¿Cuántas bebidas alcohólicas toma diario?How many alcoholic beverages do you drink a day?
¿Hay historia de problemas de la próstata en su familia?Is there a history of prostate problems in your family?

BPH Diagnosis in Spanish:

Hacerle un examen físico:Giving a physical exam:
Necesito examinarle la próstata.
Es un examen rectal digital.
Voy a insertar un dedo por el recto para verificar que la próstata está agrandada, dolorosa, etc
I need to examine your prostate.
It’s a digital rectal exam.
I’m going to insert a finger in your rectum to check if the prostate is enlarged, painful, etc
Hacerle unas pruebas adicionales:
Vamos a hacer…
Doing some additional test:
We’re going to do…
– un análisis de orina
– una prueba de PSA (antígeno prostático específico)
– una prueba del flujo de orina
– una cistoscopia para observar la uretra
– un ultrasonido para ver la próstata
– una biopsia para detectar / descartar cáncer de la próstata
– a urinalysis
– a PSA test
– a urine flow test
– a cystoscopy to observe the urethra
– an ultrasound to see the prostate
– a biopsy to detect / rule out prostate cancer

BPH Treatment in Spanish:

Cambios de estilo de vida:
– Es importante… / Es buena idea…
Lifestyle changes:
– It’s importante… / It’s a good idea…
Beber menos líquidos antes de acostarse
Reducir las bebidas con cafeína
Ejercitar los músculos que controlan la orina
Drink fewer liquids before going to bed
Reduce the number of caffeinated drinks
Exercise the muscles that control urination
Medicamentos para aumentar el flujo de orina
– Voy a recetarle un medicamento…
Medications to increase the flow of urine
– I’m going to prescribe you a medication…
– para relajar la próstata
– para relajar los músculos de la vejiga
– para reducir el tamaño de la próstata
– to relax the prostate
– to relax the bladder muscles
– to reduce the size of the prostate
Cirugías
– Podemos considerar una cirugía …
Surgeries
– We can consider a surgery …
– para reducir la presión que la próstata pone en la uretra
– para quitar la próstata
– to reduce the pressure that the prostate puts on the urethra
– to remove the prostate

Learn enlarged prostate vocabulary in Spanish:

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