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Tener: To have in Spanish

The Spanish verb tener in Spanish is irregular.  In its most basic sense, it is used to show possession (“to have” in English).

Tengo un carroI have a car

¿Tienes hermanos? Do you have brothers?

The present tense conjugations of tener in Spanish are as follows.  Conjugations in all other tenses can be viewed here.

Tener (to have)

tengotenemos
tienestenéis
tienetienen

Tener is used to express obligation; tener que + any verb in its infinitive form.

Tenemos que estudiar. We have to study.

Mañana tengo que trabajarTomorrow I have to work.

Many other idiomatic expressions use tener where English uses ‘to be’

Tener……
… fríoto be cold… razónto be right
… calorto be hotno … razón to be wrong
… sedto be thirsty… sentidoto make sense
… hambreto be hungry… sueñoto be tired
… prisato be in a hurry… cuidadoto be careful
… miedoto be afraid… vergüenzato be embarrassed

Tener is also used to express age

¿Cuántos años tienesHow old are you?

Tengo veinticinco años. I am 25 years old.

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