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Tener: To have in Spanish

The Spanish verb tener in Spanish is irregular.  In its most basic sense, it is used to show possession (“to have” in English).

Tengo un carroI have a car

¿Tienes hermanos? Do you have brothers?

The present tense conjugations of tener in Spanish are as follows.  Conjugations in all other tenses can be viewed here.

Tener (to have)

tengo tenemos
tienes tenéis
tiene tienen

Tener is used to express obligation; tener que + any verb in its infinitive form.  

Tenemos que estudiar. We have to study.

Mañana tengo que trabajarTomorrow I have to work.

Many other idiomatic expressions use tener where English uses ‘to be’

Tener……
… frío to be cold … razón to be right
… calor to be hot no … razón to be wrong
… sed to be thirsty … sentido to make sense
… hambre to be hungry … sueño to be tired
… prisa to be in a hurry … cuidado to be careful
… miedo to be afraid … vergüenza to be embarrassed

Tener is also used to express age

¿Cuántos años tienesHow old are you?

Tengo veinticinco años. I am 25 years old.

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